While the main purpose of last month's trip to Lethbridge was for birding, I couldn't resist taking in a little history as well.
Below is Fort Whoop-Up, or least a close replica of the original, which was actually constructed about 6 km to the south in 1869. This replica was created in 1967 in Indian Battle Park to mark Canada's centenary. It was the elicit whiskey trade which prompted the federal government to send out the Northwest Mounted Police (which later became the Royal Canadian Mounted Police) to restore order in 1874.
This kiosk pays tribute to Lethbridge's early coal mining history. Coal was king during the 1880-1900 period though I was surprised to learn that the last coal mine here remained open until 1957.
While I'm not 100% on this, I believe this was one of the old engines used to pull coal wagons up a horizontal railway which which built nearby.
This slope, now a foot path, was the site of the vertical railway mentioned above. I'm sure there were a few of these constructed.
Entrance to a coal tunnel.
I should mention too that a lot of historical buildings and structures connected to the days of coal were built in what is now Indian Battle Park. Successive floods and neglect have pretty much destroyed most traces of them, though the park's pathways are marked with some very interesting interpretive signage.